Netsafe asserts that digital citizenship combines the confident, fluent use and combination of three key elements:
Skills and strategies to access technology to communicate, connect, collaborate and create;
Attitudes, underpinned by values that support personal integrity and positive connection with others;
Understanding and knowledge of the digital environments and contexts in which they are working, and how they integrate on/offline spaces;
and then critically:
The ability to draw on this competency of ‘digital fluency’ to participate in life-enhancing opportunities (social, economic, cultural, civil) and achieve their goals in ways that make an important difference.
By the end of year 6 students are able to acknowledges the benefits of online talk and messaging, but knows how to handle situations or online behaviour which may make them feel uncomfortable. Students know strategies for guarding against identity theft and scams that try to access their private information online. Students use email to communicate with real people within their school, family and community.
They demonstrate responsibility and respectfulness in their online communications and communities.
Student are aware that he/she has a digital footprint and that this information can be searched, copied, and passed on, and that he/she can take some control based on what he/she posts online. They are able to distinguishes good-natured teasing from cyberbullying. They understand the difference between being a passive bystander and an active intervener in cyberbullying situations.
Students interacts, collaborates, co-constructs content, and publishes with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digital environments and media.
Students are able to download and access different information types from the Internet. They use digital technology to plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project.
Students understand what algorithms are, the difference between algorithms and programs, and that there can be more than one algorithm for the same problem. They are able to decompose problems into step by step instructions to create an algorithm for a computer program, and use logical thinking to predict the behaviour of these programs. They are able to develop and debug simple programs that use inputs and outputs, sequence and loops. Students understand that computers store data using just two states, represented by binary digits (bits).